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Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 443–451 | Cite as

Identification of aroma volatiles and understanding 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline biosynthetic mechanism in aromatic mung bean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek)

  • Usmangani Attar
  • Vidya Hinge
  • Rahul Zanan
  • Rahul Adhav
  • Altafhusain NadafEmail author
Research Article

Abstract

Mung bean having high food value and easily digestible proteins, is one of the socioeconomically important crop of India. Among the varied cultivars, Sona mung is having aroma and hence popularly cultivated in the pockets of Ganga river basin at Bhutnir char village of Malda District in the West Bengal state. In the present study, aroma volatiles with special reference to 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline (2AP) were analyzed using HS–SPME–GCMS from Sona mung bean and compared with non-scented mung bean (PHULE M-9339). 26 volatiles in seeds of Sona mung and 20 in non-scented mung bean were identified, in which 3,7-dimethyl-6-octenal, (2E)-2-decen-1-ol, 2-ethyl-1-dodecanol and 3,5,5-trimethyl-2-cyclohexene-1-one are first time reported. 0.19 ± 0.001 ppm 2AP was recorded in Sona mung seeds whereas it was not detected in non-scented mung bean. PCA analysis indicated that 2AP, octanal, 1 pentanol, decanal, phenylmethanol and 2-nonen-1-ol were the major contributors in the aroma of Sona mung bean. The significantly higher level proline, methylglyoxal and lower level of BADH2 transcript were detected in Sona mung than non-scented mung, suggesting similar 2AP biosynthesis mechanism in Sona mung bean as reported in scented rice, sorghum and soybean.

Keywords

Vigna radiata Sona mung bean Aroma volatiles 2-Acetyl-1-pyrroline biosynthesis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are thankful to Dr. P. Srinivas (Central Food and Technology Research Institute, Mysore, India) for generous gift of authentic 2AP.

Supplementary material

12298_2017_414_MOESM1_ESM.docx (596 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 595 kb)
12298_2017_414_MOESM2_ESM.docx (59 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 59 kb)
12298_2017_414_MOESM3_ESM.png (96 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (PNG 96 kb)

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Copyright information

© Prof. H.S. Srivastava Foundation for Science and Society 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Usmangani Attar
    • 1
  • Vidya Hinge
    • 1
  • Rahul Zanan
    • 1
  • Rahul Adhav
    • 1
  • Altafhusain Nadaf
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of BotanySavitribai Phule Pune UniversityPuneIndia

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