Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 231–237 | Cite as

Mechanism of 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline biosynthesis in Bassia latifolia Roxb. flowers

  • Kantilal V. Wakte
  • Trupti D. Kad
  • Rahul L. Zanan
  • Altafhusain B. NadafEmail author
Research Article


The flowers of Bassia latifolia are known to contain 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline (2AP), the compound responsible for pleasant aroma in basmati and other scented rice. Four growth stages of Bassia flowers were identified and 2AP contents were analysed in each stage. It was found that 2AP (3.30 ppm) gets synthesized only in fleshy corolla of mature flowers (fourth stage). The activity of γ-aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase (AADH); an enzyme responsible for synthesis of γ-aminobutyricacid (GABA) from γ-aminobutyraldehyde (GABald) was assessed in these four stages. The AADH activity was absent in the fourth stage. It was concluded that ceased activity of AADH in fourth stage flowers leads to the accumulation of γ-aminobutyraldehyde which is cyclised spontaneously to Δ1-pyrroline, the key precursor of 2AP. Δ1-pyrroline further reacts unenzymatically with methylglyoxal to form 2AP.


γ-aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase Bassia latifolia 2 acetyl-1-pyrroline Biosynthesis SPME 



Authors are thankful to Dr. P. Srinivas (Central Food and Technology Research Institute, Mysore, India) for generous gift of authentic 2AP.


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Copyright information

© Prof. H.S. Srivastava Foundation for Science and Society 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kantilal V. Wakte
    • 1
  • Trupti D. Kad
    • 1
  • Rahul L. Zanan
    • 1
  • Altafhusain B. Nadaf
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of PunePuneIndia

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