Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 93–98

A reliable protocol for transformation of Catharanthus roseus through Agrobacterium tumefaciens

  • Toolika Srivastava
  • Sandip Das
  • Sudhir Kumar Sopory
  • P. S. Srivastava
Research Article


Proliferation of axillary shoot buds and multiple shoot formation in Catharanthus roseus was obtained in 96 % explants on MS medium (3 % sucrose) containing NAA + BA. 2,4-D induced callusing in both, the nodal as well as in leaf segments. Leaf-derived callus was used for transformation with Agrobacterium tumefaciens LBA4404/pBI-S1. Bacterial cell concentration, duration of co-cultivation and acetosyringone concentration influenced transformation efficiency. Under optimal co-cultivation conditions, 98 % of the explants showed GUS expression. PCR based amplification of the transformed and subsequently selected callus tissue indicated the presence of uidA, Gly I and nptII genes.

Key words

Catharanthus roseus Micropropagation RAPD Co-cultivation GUS GlyI Agrobacterium tumefaciens Transformation 



1-naphthaleneacetic acid




Casein hydrolysate


Indole-3-acetic acid




2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid


Random amplification of polymorphic DNA


Polymerase chain reaction


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Copyright information

© Prof. H.S. Srivastava Foundation for Science and Society 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toolika Srivastava
    • 1
  • Sandip Das
    • 1
  • Sudhir Kumar Sopory
    • 2
  • P. S. Srivastava
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyJamia HamdardNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Plant Molecular BiologyICGEBNew DelhiIndia

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