International Journal of Material Forming

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 11–18 | Cite as

Deep drawing behavior of twinning-induced plasticity-cored three-layer steel sheet

  • Seung Mi Baek
  • Jung Gi Kim
  • Jae Ik Yoon
  • Min Hong Seo
  • Won Tae Cho
  • Kwang-Geun Chin
  • Sunghak Lee
  • Hyoung Seop Kim
Original Research


Herein, we report the results of our experimental and computational investigation of the deep drawing behavior of twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP)-cored three-layer steel sheet. Various directional tensile tests for monolayer sheets of the TWIP and low-carbon (LC) steels were performed for evaluation of flow curves and anisotropic coefficients, which are used as input data of the finite element analyses for deep drawing of the monolayer and three-layer sheets. The experimental deep drawing behaviors of the layered sheets of three thickness ratios, and of the monolayer sheets, are computationally analyzed in terms of earring and variations of local thickness along the positions in the drawn cups. It was found that the three-layer sheets are more planar-isotropic in the sense of earring than the monolayer sheets, even more than the TWIP steel sheet. The thickness uniformity along the initial radial direction in the layered sheets is in between the heterogeneous TWIP steel and the relatively homogeneous LC steel. The present results shed light on the future direction of development of steel sheets with planar-isotropic and homogeneous deep-drawing characteristics.


Three-layer sheet Twinning-induced plasticity steel Low-carbon steel Deep drawing Finite element method Planar anisotropy 



The authors thank POSCO for the financial support and specimens. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (No. 2014R1A2A1A10051322).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of Interest



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringPohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH)PohangRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Steel Solution Center, POSCOIncheonRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.HIMASS Research Project TeamTechnical Research Laboratories, POSCOGwangyangRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Center for Advanced Aerospace MaterialsPohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH)PohangRepublic of Korea

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