Steam-bending properties of seven poplar hybrid clones

  • Svetka Kuljich
  • Claudia B. Cáceres
  • Roger E. HernándezEmail author
Original Research


The steam-bending behavior of seven poplar hybrid clones from three growing sites was evaluated on kiln-dried specimens following two types of drying, an elevated-temperature and conventional schedule. The bending quality was assessed using quantitative and qualitative methods. In general, the poplar hybrid clones have poor steam-bending properties. The proportions of excellent pieces was low (13 %) compared to red oak (100 %), which was included as a reference for its excellent bending properties. Poplar specimens also showed a great memory effect and poor surface quality after bending. Among the parameters studied, only the clones showed a significant effect on bending properties. Hence, a clone selection could be done for bending improvement but it may be of minor significance.


Steam-bending Poplar Hybrid Clone 



The authors acknowledge Pierre Gagné from Réseau Ligniculture Québec for his technical support. They are grateful to Luc Germain for their technical assistance on this project. They also thank M. Pierre Périnet from the Quebec Ministry of Natural Resources and Wildlife for providing the poplar hybrid clones material. They gratefully acknowledge Réseau Ligniculture Québec et Le Fonds Québécois de la Recherche sur la Nature et les Technologies for their financial contribution to this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Svetka Kuljich
    • 1
  • Claudia B. Cáceres
    • 1
  • Roger E. Hernández
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Centre de Recherche sur le Bois, Département des Sciences du Bois et de la ForêtUniversité LavalQuébecCanada

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