Thermal fatigue properties of laser treated steels
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This paper presents the thermal fatigue resistance of laser treated steels. The C40 and AISI H13 steels were machined into a geometry which allowed thermal gradients on the inner and outer surface during testing. A CO2 laser system was used with a focused spot size of 0.09 mm on the sample surface. The laser peak power and pulse repetition frequency (PRF) range were set to 760 and 1515 W, and 2900 to 3500 Hz respectively. The thermal fatigue machine used consists of Nabertherm model cylindrical high temperature furnace with digital control panel, controlled temperature quenching system, and pneumatics control sample movement mechanism. The thermal fatigue test involved immersion of samples into molten aluminium, and quenched in ionised water emulsion at 17°C temperature. The quenching system equipped with thermocouple to control the water temperature. Testing was done at a total of 1,750 number of cycles. Internal surface cooling was controlled by water inlet and outlet tubes. Samples were cleaned using NaOH solution after thermal fatigue testing to remove oxides on the surface. The solution temperature and magnetic stirrer speed were set to 100°C and 4.5 rpm respectively. Samples were characterised using scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy discharge x-ray spectroscopy (EDXS) and 2D stylus profilometer. Presence of different phases on the sample surface were analysed from back-scattered detector micrographs. Heat checks were observed on laser glazed surface at several regions. Carbides and oxides elements were detected on the sample surface after the thermal fatigue test. The relationship between surface roughness of laser treated surface and thermal fatigue behaviour was investigated.
KeywordsLaser treatment thermal fatigue SEM surface roughness
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