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Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 178–180 | Cite as

Childhood Tuberculosis Presenting with Haemophagocytic Syndrome

  • Tarun Verma
  • Sameer Aggarwal
Case Report

Abstract

Haemophagocytic syndrome is a life threatening complication of systemic infection resulting from an exaggerated immune response to a triggering agent. Prompt recognition and treatment of this disorder can abrogate otherwise high fatality associated with this disorder. A 2 year old girl presented with acute enteritis, developed prolonged fever and organomegaly complicated by multi-organ failure. She fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis including bone marrow evidence of haemophagocytosis. In addition she had serological evidence of tubercular infection as well as a positive family history of tuberculosis. She responded rapidly to immunosuppressive therapy and anti-tubercular therapy. Our case illustrates the association of haemophagocytic syndrome with tuberculosis as well as the favourable response obtained with prompt diagnosis and treatment.

Keywords

Visceral Leishmaniasis Leishmaniasis Macrophage Activation Syndrome Childhood Tuberculosis High Grade Fever 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors acknowledge the efforts of the nursing and laboratory staff in ensuring a successful outcome of the case.

Conflict of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Indian Society of Haematology & Transfusion Medicine 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Clinical HaematologistCommand HospitalUdhampurIndia
  2. 2.PathologistCoomand HospitalUdhampurIndia

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