Sports Engineering

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 1–10 | Cite as

A computational approach for predicting plant canopy induced wind effects on the trajectory of golf shots

  • Neda YaghoobianEmail author
  • Rajat Mittal
Original Article


Large-eddy simulation of atmospheric flow is combined with golf ball trajectory modeling that incorporates local plant canopy information to predict the trajectory of a golf shot at any hole on a golf course in a variety of wind conditions. The model is applied to examine golf shots on hole 12 of the Augusta National Golf Club, which is particularly well known for its wind-induced difficulty. The results indicate that the tree canopies around this hole play a significant role in golf ball trajectories and also induce a strong directional sensitivity on the landing spot of the ball for this hole.


Golf ball trajectory Large-eddy simulation Plant canopy Wind effect 


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Copyright information

© International Sports Engineering Association 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA

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