Sports Engineering

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 105–113 | Cite as

Measurement of studded shoe–surface interaction metrics during in situ performance analysis

  • Heather DriscollEmail author
  • John Kelley
  • Bob Kirk
  • Harald Koerger
  • Steve Haake
Original Article


Interaction between studded footwear and performance surfaces plays an important role in sport. Discretising this interaction into quantifiable measurements can help optimise design of outsoles and identify parameters for performance testing in situ. Here, we describe the development and validity of an image-based three-dimensional (3D) measurement system to investigate shoe–surface interactions during locomotion performance in situ by eight skilled footballers. By calculating individual stud positions, results revealed that the 3D kinematic data could be distilled to a number of shoe–surface interaction metrics such as orientation, velocity, translation distance and location of the centre of rotation. Findings show how the measurement system and simple analysis methods can be used to provide informative shoe–surface interaction metrics from in situ performance capture for the footwear community.


Shoe–surface interactions Studded boot Stud configuration Traction testing Photogrammetry In situ performance analysis 



The authors would like to thank adidas-AG for their financial support and Professor Keith Davids, Dr Tom Allen, Dr Simon Goodwill, and Jim Emery for their constructive feedback.


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Copyright information

© International Sports Engineering Association 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heather Driscoll
    • 1
    Email author
  • John Kelley
    • 1
  • Bob Kirk
    • 2
  • Harald Koerger
    • 2
  • Steve Haake
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Sports Engineering ResearchSheffield Hallam UniversitySheffieldUK
  2. 2.adidas-innovation-team (ait), adidas-AG, World of SportsHerzogenaurachGermany

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