Sports Engineering

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 171–181 | Cite as

Measurement of three-dimensional hand kinematics during swimming with a motion capture system: a feasibility study

  • Tony MonnetEmail author
  • Mathias Samson
  • Anthony Bernard
  • Laurent David
  • Patrick Lacouture
Technical Note


Current trends in swimming biomechanics are focused on accurate measurements. Nowadays, reliable calibration methods have been proposed to reach an accuracy of about 1 mm on rigid structure. But the question remains about the final accuracy for three-dimensional hand kinematics measurement during the underwater phase of front crawl swimming. Furthermore, most research is based on manual tracking with two or more cameras. In this paper we propose a protocol to acquire three-dimensional hand kinematics when swimming in a specific pool with a motion analysis system behind windows. Results highlight the benefits of using such a system in terms of accuracy and feasibility: the time allowed for post-processing is ten times lower and the quantified improved accuracy is better than with manual tracking.


Underwater 3D kinematics Optical motion analysis system Movement analysis Swimming Automatic tracking 


Conflict of interest

There is no conflict of interest in connection with this manuscript submission and this research has no sources of funding.

Supplementary material

Supplementary material 1 (avi 6094 kb)


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Copyright information

© International Sports Engineering Association 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tony Monnet
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mathias Samson
    • 1
  • Anthony Bernard
    • 1
  • Laurent David
    • 1
  • Patrick Lacouture
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut Pprime, UPR 3346, CNRS Université de Poitiers-ENSMAFuturoscope CedexFrance

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