Sports Engineering

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 221–226 | Cite as

Characterising the impact performance of field hockey sticks

  • Tom Allen
  • Leon Foster
  • Matt Carré
  • Simon Choppin
Short Communication


Published research on field hockey equipment is scarce. The aim of this research was to investigate methods for characterising the impact performance of field hockey sticks. Three sticks were used with fundamental frequencies in the range 74–154 Hz. Striking an initially still ball with a stick was identified as the preferred method for characterising performance. Impacts were simulated at mean velocities of 19 m/s at toe and 16 m/s at the shaft. The mean apparent coefficient of restitution and standard deviation were −0.32 ± 0.05 at the toe and −0.18 ± 0.02 at the shaft. The foundation work presented here provides the foundations for developing a methodology for characterising the impact performance of field hockey sticks.


Ball Dynamic Structural rigidity Velocity 



The authors would like to thank Wasp Hockey for providing the hockey sticks, Mr Roger Webb for his advice, Mr Terry Senior for developing the impact rig, James Ibbotson for manually digitising the experimental results and Dr John Kelley and Mr Marcus Dunn for proof reading the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© International Sports Engineering Association 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tom Allen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Leon Foster
    • 1
  • Matt Carré
    • 3
  • Simon Choppin
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Sports Engineering ResearchSheffield Hallam UniversitySheffieldUK
  2. 2.Department of Engineering and MathsSheffield Hallam UniversitySheffieldUK
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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