Gene expression profile of peripheral blood mononuclear cells may contribute to the identification and immunological classification of breast cancer patients
It has been reported that the gene expression profile of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) exhibits a unique gene expression signature in several types of cancer. In this study, we aimed to explore the breast cancer patient-specific gene expression profile of PBMCs and discuss immunological insight on host antitumor immune responses.
We comprehensively analyzed the gene expression of PBMCs by RNA sequencing in the breast cancer patients as compared to that of healthy volunteers (HVs). Pathway enrichment analysis was performed on MetaCoretm to search the molecular pathways associated with the gene expression profile of PBMCs in cancer patients compared with HVs.
We found a significant unique gene expression signature, such as the Toll-like receptor (TLR) 3- and TLR4-induced Toll/interleukin-1 receptor domain-containing adapter molecule 1 (TICAM1)-specific signaling pathway in the breast cancer patients as compared to that of healthy volunteers. Distinctive immunological gene expression profiles also showed the possibility of classifying breast cancer patients into subgroups such as T-cell inhibitory and monocyte-activating groups independent of known phenotypes of breast cancer.
These preliminary findings suggest that evaluation of gene expression patterns of PBMCs might be both a less invasive diagnostic procedure and a useful way to reveal immunological insight of breast cancer, including biomarkers for cancer immunotherapy, such as immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy.
KeywordsImmuno-oncology Gene expression profile RNA sequencing Peripheral blood mononuclear cells Immune checkpoint molecule
We thank the medical staff of the Department of Breast Surgery of Kyoto University Hospital for their help in the recruitment of patients and collection of samples. This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 17K10546.
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Conflict of interest
All authors declare no conflicts of interests in the authorship or publication of this article.