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Breast Cancer

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 103–119 | Cite as

The microtubule as a breast cancer target

  • Gerald M. HigaEmail author
Review Article

Abstract

Manifestations of non-equilibrium polarity, random transgressions, and catastrophes are not conditions usually associated with a sense of normalcy. Yet these disquieting features distinguish a utilitarian behavior known as dynamic instability, the signature characteristic of the microtubule. Long known to be a tumor target, disruption of this fragile attribute is associated with some of the most effective agents used to treat breast cancer today. Although the biology of the microtubule is under intense investigation much still remains unknown. As such, our understanding of regulatory molecules and resistance mechanisms are still rudimentary, further compromising our ability to develop novel therapeutic strategies to improve microtubule inhibitors. This review focuses on several classes of anti-microtubule agents and their effects on the functional dynamics of the targeted polymer. The primary objective is to critically examine the molecular mechanisms that contribute to tumor cell death, tumor-resistance, and incident neurotoxicity.

Keywords

α-Tubulin β-Tubulin Dynamic instability Microtubule 

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Breast Cancer Society 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mary Babb Randolph Cancer CenterWest Virginia University Schools of Pharmacy and MedicineMorgantownUSA
  2. 2.Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences CenterMorgantownUSA

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