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Fungal Necrotizing Skin and Soft Tissue Infections

  • Logan Bartram
  • Justin G. AaronEmail author
Fungal Infections of Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue (A Bonifaz and M Pereira, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Fungal Infections of Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue

Abstract

Purpose of Review

This review summarizes the medical literature regarding fungal necrotizing skin and soft tissue infections (NSTI). The available epidemiologic, microbiologic, treatment, and outcome data are presented by the most common causal organisms of this disease process.

Recent Findings

With the exception of cutaneous mucormycosis, which often progresses to necrotizing infection, clinical data for other fungal NSTI are largely limited to case reports and small case series. Fungal NSTI are rare but some data suggests that incidence may be increasing. These infections occur in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent hosts, especially following trauma. Mortality varies by host factors, organism, and extent of disease. Foundations of treatment include targeted antifungal therapy and aggressive surgical debridement.

Summary

Fungal NSTI is a rarely described clinical entity associated with a high mortality. More study is needed to better understand the epidemiology and optimal management of these infections.

Keywords

Fungal Necrotizing skin and soft tissue infection Necrotizing soft tissue infection Necrotizing fasciitis Mucormycosis NSTI 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Logan Bartram and Justin Aaron declare no conflicts of interest relevant to this manuscript.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious DiseasesColumbia University Irving Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

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