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Current Fungal Infection Reports

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 252–259 | Cite as

Diagnosis and Treatment of Lymphocutaneous Sporotrichosis: What Are the Options?

  • Alexandro Bonifaz
  • Denisse Vázquez-González
Advances in Diagnosis of Invasive Fungal Infections (U Binder, Section Editor)

Abstract

Lymphocutaneous sporotrichosis is the most common clinical form of cutaneous sporotrichosis. Caused by a complex of dimorphic fungi called Sporothrix schenckii complex, it is an occupational disease, present especially in tropical and subtropical areas, and has been reported in all continents. Diagnosis is established by isolation of the causative agent. Therapy of choice for lymphocutaneous sporotrichosis is itraconazole, and in developing countries, potassium iodide solution. In general, the lymphocutaneous form is considered a mild benign form of the disease, and the majority of cases respond well to treatment in about 3–4 months of therapy. In this paper, we have made a general review of the disease, especially of the epidemiology, clinical features and diagnosis of the lymphocutaneous form, as well as a brief analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of diverse treatments.

Keywords

Sporotrichosis Lymphocutaneous Sporothrix complex Sporothrix schenckii Dimorphic fungi Implantation mycosis Subcutaneous mycosis PCR Sporotrichin Itraconazole Potassium iodide (KI) Terbinafine Amphotericin B 

Notes

Conflict of Interest

Alexandro Bonifaz declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Denisse Vázquez-González declares that she has no conflict of interest.

Financial support

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mycology & Service of DermatologyGeneral Hospital of MexicoMexico CityMexico
  2. 2.Department of Mycology & Service of Dermatology, General Hospital of MexicoMéxico D. FMéxico

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