Journal of Microbiology

, Volume 57, Issue 9, pp 821–827 | Cite as

IgG and IgM responses to human papillomavirus L1 virus-like particle as a function of dosing schedule and vaccine formulation

  • Min-Hye Park
  • Ji Won You
  • Hyoung Jin Kim
  • Hong-Jin KimEmail author


Most commercialized virus-like particle (VLP) vaccines use aluminum salt as adjuvant, even though VLPs provoke adequate antibody responses without adjuvant. We do not have detailed knowledge of how adjuvant affects the profile of anti-VLP antibodies. Meanwhile, there is evidence that differences between vaccination protocols influence the glycosylation of antibodies, which may alter their effector functions. In the present study a murine model was used to investigate the effects of dosing schedule and adjuvant on the antibody profiles and glycosylation levels of antigen-specific antibody responses to human papillomavirus type 16 L1 (HPV16 L1) VLPs. Mice received subcutaneously 2,000 ng of antigen divided into 4 or 7 doses. The HPV16 L1 VLPs elicited > 4 log10 anti-HPV16 L1 IgG titers without adjuvant, and aluminum hydroxide as adjuvant increased IgG titers 1.3- to 4-fold and reduced the anti-HPV16 L1 IgG2a / anti-HPV16 L1 IgG1 ratio value (use of aluminum hydroxide reduced the ratio of the IgG2a). Immunization with HPV16 L1 VLPs in combination with Freund’s adjuvant enhanced IgG titers 5- to 12-fold. Seven-dose immunization markedly increased anti-HPV16 L1 IgM titers compared to four-dose immunization, as well as increasing the proportion of glycosylated antibodies. Our results suggest that antibody glycosylation can be controlled immunologically, and IgG and IgM profiles and glycosylation profiles of the vaccine-induced antibodies can be used as indicators reflecting the vaccine characteristics. These results indicate that the HPV16 L1 VLP dosing schedule can affect the quality of antigen-specific antibody responses. We suggest that dosing schedules should be noted in vaccination protocols for VLP-based vaccines.


virus-like particles human papillomavirus glycosylation antibody profile adjuvant 


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This study is supported by the Graduate Research Scholarship 2018 of Chung-Ang University.


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Copyright information

© The Microbiological Society of Korea 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Min-Hye Park
    • 1
  • Ji Won You
    • 1
  • Hyoung Jin Kim
    • 1
  • Hong-Jin Kim
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory of Virology, College of PharmacyChung-Ang UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

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