Potentiation of bacterial killing activity of zinc chloride by pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate
Zinc has antimicrobial activity and zinc salts including zinc chloride (ZnCl2) have been used for the control of oral malodor. In this study, we hypothesized that pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), a zinc ionophore, may enhance antimicrobial efficacy of ZnCl2. The bactericidal effectiveness of ZnCl2 alone (0.5–8 mM) or in combination with PDTC (1 or 10 μM) was evaluated by in vitro short (1 h) time-killing assays against Fusobacterium nucleatum and Porphyromonas gingivalis. Only a slight viability decrease was observed with ZnCl2 or PDTC alone after 1-h incubation. By contrast, combination of ZnCl2 and PDTC could achieve a more than 100-fold viability reduction compared with ZnCl2 or PDTC alone in F. nucleatum and P. gingivalis. Therefore, PDTC greatly enhanced the bactericidal activity of ZnCl2 against the oral malodor-producing bacteria. These results suggest that use of PDTC may be useful for enhancing bactericidal activity of antimalodor regimens of zinc salts.
Keywordsoral malodor zinc pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate bactericidal
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