Nano Research

, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp 3050–3064 | Cite as

Plasmon-enhanced ZnO whispering-gallery mode lasing

  • Chunxiang XuEmail author
  • Feifei Qin
  • Qiuxiang Zhu
  • Junfeng Lu
  • Yueyue Wang
  • Jitao Li
  • Yi Lin
  • Qiannan Cui
  • Zengliang Shi
  • Arumugam Gowri Manohari
Review Article


Collaborative enhancements from surface plasmons (SPs) and whispering-gallery modes (WGMs) can induce intense near-field effects with high spatial localization around the surface of a semiconducting material. One can construct a highly efficient hybrid microcavity using semiconducting materials through resonant coupling between SPs and WGMs. Hexagonal ZnO micro-/nanostructures, which have been employed as natural WGM microcavities for ultraviolet (UV) lasing, can be used as ideal platforms to construct such hybrid microcavities. Here, we comprehensively review the recent efforts for improving lasing performance by resonant coupling between SPs and WGMs. Traditional SPs originating from various metals as well as novel SPs originating from atomic layers such as graphene are considered. Moreover, we discuss the mechanism of light-matter interactions beyond the improvements in lasing performance.


ZnO microcavity surface plasmon whispering-gallery mode 


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This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 61275054, 11604114 and 11734005) and Science and Technology Support Program of Jiangsu Province (No. BE2016177).


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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chunxiang Xu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Feifei Qin
    • 1
  • Qiuxiang Zhu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Junfeng Lu
    • 1
    • 3
  • Yueyue Wang
    • 4
  • Jitao Li
    • 5
  • Yi Lin
    • 6
  • Qiannan Cui
    • 1
  • Zengliang Shi
    • 1
  • Arumugam Gowri Manohari
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of BioelectronicsSoutheast UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.College of Information and Electronic EngineeringHunan City UniversityYiyangChina
  3. 3.Beijing Institute of Nanoenergy and NanosystemsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.School of SciencesZhejiang A&F UniversityHangzhouChina
  5. 5.School of Physics and Telecommunications EngineeringZhoukou Normal UniversityZhoukouChina
  6. 6.Department of Mathematics and PhysicsHuaiyin Institute of TechnologyHuaiyinChina

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