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Nano Research

, Volume 11, Issue 8, pp 4090–4101 | Cite as

Triboelectric nanogenerator enhanced multilayered antibacterial nanofiber air filters for efficient removal of ultrafine particulate matter

  • Guang Qin Gu
  • Chang Bao Han
  • Jing Jing Tian
  • Tao Jiang
  • Chuan He
  • Cun Xin Lu
  • Yu Bai
  • Jin Hui Nie
  • Zhou Li
  • Zhong Lin Wang
Research Article

Abstract

We developed a high-efficiency rotating triboelectric nanogenerator (R-TENG)-enhanced multilayered antibacterial polyimide (PI) nanofiber air filters for removing ultrafine particulate matter (PM) from ambient atmosphere. Compared to single-layered PI nanofiber filters, the multilayered nanofiber filter can completely remove all of the particles with diameters larger than 0.54 μm and shows enhanced removal efficiency for smaller PM particles. After connecting with aR-TENG, the removal efficiency of the filer for ultrafine particles is further enhanced. The highest removal efficiency for ultrafine particulate matter is 94.1% at the diameter of 53.3 nm and the average removal efficiency reached 89.9%. Despite an increase in the layer number, the thickness of each individual layer of the film decreased, and hence, the total pressure drop of the filter decreased instead of increasing. Moreover, the nanofiber film exhibited high antibacterial activity because of the addition of a small amount of silver nanoparticles. This technology with zero ozone release and low pressure drop is appropriate for cleaning air, haze treatment, and bacterial control.

Keywords

triboelectric nanogenerator antibacterial property electrospinning Ag-polyimide nanofiber air filter ultrafine particle 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

Supports from the “thousands talents” program for the pioneer researcher and his innovation team, the National Key R & D Project from Ministry of Science and Technology (No. 2016YFA0202704), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51432005, 51608039, 5151101243, 51561145021, 51702018, and 51505457), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2015M581041), Natural Science Foundation of Beijing, China (No. 4154090), and Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission (No. Z171100000317001) are appreciated.

Supplementary material

12274_2018_1992_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (361 kb)
Triboelectric nanogenerator enhanced multilayered antibacterial nanofiber air filters for efficient removal of ultrafine particulate matter

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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guang Qin Gu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chang Bao Han
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jing Jing Tian
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tao Jiang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chuan He
    • 1
    • 2
  • Cun Xin Lu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yu Bai
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jin Hui Nie
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhou Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhong Lin Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Beijing Institute of Nanoenergy and NanosystemsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Nanoscience and TechnologyUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.School of Materials Science and EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA

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