Nano Research

, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp 2909–2931 | Cite as

Space-confined vapor deposition synthesis of two dimensional materials

  • Shasha Zhou
  • Lin Gan
  • Deli Wang
  • Huiqiao Li
  • Tianyou Zhai
Review Article


Two dimensional (2D) nanomaterials are promising fundamental building blocks for use in the next-generation semiconductor industry due to their unique geometry and excellent (opto)-electronic properties. However, large scale high quality fabrication of 2D nanomaterials remains challenging. Thus, the development of controllable fabrication methods for 2D materials is essential for their future practical application. In this review, we will discuss the importance of the space-confined vapor deposition strategy in the controllable fabrication of 2D materials and summarize recent progress in the utilization of this strategy for the synthesis of novel materials or structures. Using this method, various high quality ultrathin 2D materials, including large-area graphene and boron nitride, ReS2/ReSe2, HfS2, pyramid-structured multilayer MoS2, and the topological insulators Bi2Se3 and Bi2Te3, have been successfully obtained. Additionally, by utilizing van der Waals epitaxy growth substrates such as mica or other 2D materials, patterned growth of 2D nanomaterials can be easily achieved via a surface-induced growth mechanism. Finally, we provide a short prospect for future development of this strategy.


two dimensional vapor deposition space confinement transition metal dichalcogenides 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 91622117, 51472097, 51727809, and 21501060), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFB0401100), the National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2015CB932600), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central University (Nos. 2015ZDTD038 and 2017KFKJXX007).


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© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and Engineering, School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina

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