Nano Research

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 1731–1743 | Cite as

In situ carbon nanotube clusters grown from three-dimensional porous graphene networks as efficient sulfur hosts for high-rate ultra-stable Li–S batteries

  • Shizhi Huang
  • Lingli Zhang
  • Jingyan Wang
  • Jinliang ZhuEmail author
  • Pei Kang ShenEmail author
Research Article


Carbon nanotube (CNT) clusters grown in situ in three-dimensional (3D) porous graphene networks (3DG-CNTs), with integrated structure and remarkable electronic conductivity, are desirable S host materials for Li–S batteries. 3DG-CNT exhibits a high surface area (1,645 m2·g−1), superior electronic conductivity of 1,055 S·m−1, and a 3D porous networked structure. Large clusters of CNTs anchored on the inner walls of 3D graphene networks act as capillaries, benefitting restriction of agglomeration by high contents of immersed S. Moreover, the capillary-like CNT clusters grown in situ in the pores efficiently form restricted spaces for Li polysulfides, significantly reducing the shuttling effect and promoting S utilization throughout the charge/discharge process. With an areal S mass loading of 81.6 wt.%, the 3DG-CNT/S electrode exhibits an initial specific capacity reaching 1,229 mA·h·g−1 at 0.5 C and capacity decays of 0.044% and 0.059% per cycle at 0.5 and 1 C, respectively, over 500 cycles. The electrode material also reveals a remarkable rate performance and the large capacity of 812 mA·h·g−1 at 3 C.


in situ growth carbon nanotube three-dimensional (3D) graphene porous network Li–S battery 


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This work was supported by the Innovation Project of Guangxi Graduate Education (No. P3090098101), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2017M612864), the Major International (Regional) Joint Research Project (No. 51210002), the National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2015CB932304) and the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong province (No. 2015A030312007).

Supplementary material

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In situ carbon nanotube clusters grown from three-dimensional porous graphene networks as efficient sulfur hosts for high-rate ultra-stable Li–S batteries


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© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Guangxi Key Laboratory of Electrochemical Energy Materials, Collaborative Innovation Center of Renewable Energy Materials, State Key Laboratory of Processing for Non-ferrous Metal and Featured MaterialsGuangxi UniversityNanningChina
  2. 2.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringGuangxi UniversityNanningChina

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