Nano Research

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 762–768 | Cite as

Enhanced stabilization of inorganic cesium lead triiodide (CsPbI3) perovskite quantum dots with tri-octylphosphine

  • Chang Lu
  • Hui Li
  • Kathy Kolodziejski
  • Chaochao Dun
  • Wenxiao Huang
  • David Carroll
  • Scott M. GeyerEmail author
Research Article


In recent years, significant attention has been paid to perovskite materials. In particular, lead triiodide-based perovskites have exhibited superb optoelectronic properties. Enhancing the stability of these materials is an essential step towards large-scale applications. In this study, by simply adding trioctylphosphine (TOP) as part of the post-synthesis treatment, we significantly enhance the stability of CsPbI3 quantum dots (QDs) in the solution phase, which otherwise decay rapidly in hours. For CsPbI3 QDs treated with TOP, the absorption and photoluminescence emission properties are unchanged over the course of weeks, and the quantum yield remains almost constant at 30% even after 1 month. The morphologies of both treated and untreated QDs are initially cubic; however, the treated QDs largely maintain their initial size and shape, while the untreated ones lose size uniformity, which is a sign of degradation. Infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirm the presence of P in the TOP-treated QDs. We insights that help to resolve the intrinsic instability issue of triiodide perovskite materials and devices.


perovskite quantum dots ligand chemistry phase stabilization 


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The authors acknowledge the support of Wake Forest University.

Supplementary material

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Enhanced stabilization of inorganic cesium lead triiodide (CsPbI3) perovskite quantum dots with tri-octylphosphine


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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chang Lu
    • 1
  • Hui Li
    • 1
  • Kathy Kolodziejski
    • 1
  • Chaochao Dun
    • 2
  • Wenxiao Huang
    • 2
  • David Carroll
    • 2
  • Scott M. Geyer
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryWake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA
  2. 2.Center for Nanotechnology and Molecular Materials, Department of PhysicsWake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA

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