Nano Research

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 331–343 | Cite as

Facile synthesis of yolk–shell Ni@void@SnO2(Ni3Sn2) ternary composites via galvanic replacement/Kirkendall effect and their enhanced microwave absorption properties

  • Biao Zhao
  • Xiaoqin Guo
  • Wanyu Zhao
  • Jiushuai Deng
  • Bingbing Fan
  • Gang Shao
  • Zhongyi Bai
  • Rui Zhang
Research Article


Yolk–shell ternary composites composed of a Ni sphere core and a SnO2(Ni3Sn2) shell were successfully prepared by a facile two-step method. The size, morphology, microstructure, and phase purity of the resulting composites were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution TEM, selected-area electron diffraction, and powder X-ray diffraction. The core sizes, interstitial void volumes, and constituents of the yolk–shell structures varied by varying the reaction time. A mechanism based on the time-dependent experiments was proposed for the formation of the yolk–shell structures. The yolk–shell structures were formed by a synergistic combination of an etching reaction, a galvanic replacement reaction, and the Kirkendall effect. The yolk–shell ternary SnO2 (Ni3Sn2)@Ni composites synthesized at a reaction time of 15 h showed excellent microwave absorption properties. The reflection loss was found to be as low as–43 dB at 6.1 GHz. The enhanced microwave absorption properties may be attributed to the good impedance match, multiple reflections, the scattering owing to the voids between the core and the shell, and the effective complementarities between the dielectric loss and the magnetic loss. Thus, the yolk–shell ternary composites are expected to be promising candidates for microwave absorption applications, lithium ion batteries, and photocatalysis.


yolk–shell Ni@void@SnO2(Ni3Sn2galvanic replacement Kirkendall effect microwave absorption 


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The authors appreciate the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51402264), and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2014M561996).

Supplementary material

12274_2016_1295_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.1 mb)
Facile synthesis of yolk–shell Ni@void@SnO2(Ni3Sn2) ternary composites via galvanic replacement/Kirkendall effect and their enhanced microwave absorption properties


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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Biao Zhao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiaoqin Guo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wanyu Zhao
    • 3
  • Jiushuai Deng
    • 4
  • Bingbing Fan
    • 3
  • Gang Shao
    • 3
  • Zhongyi Bai
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rui Zhang
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Provincial Key Laboratory of Aviation Materials and Application TechnologyZhengzhou University of AeronauticsZhengzhouChina
  2. 2.School of Mechatronics EngineeringZhengzhou University of AeronauticsZhengzhouChina
  3. 3.School of Materials Science and EngineeringZhengzhou UniversityZhengzhouChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Complex Nonferrous Metal Resources Clean Utilization, Faculty of Land Resource EngineeringKunming University of Science and TechnologyKunmingChina

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