Nano Research

, Volume 9, Issue 12, pp 3735–3746 | Cite as

A hybrid carbon aerogel with both aligned and interconnected pores as interlayer for high-performance lithium–sulfur batteries

  • Mingkai Liu
  • Zhibin Yang
  • Hao Sun
  • Chao Lai
  • Xinsheng Zhao
  • Huisheng PengEmail author
  • Tianxi LiuEmail author
Research Article


The soluble nature of polysulfide species created on the sulfur electrode has severely hampered the electrochemical performance of lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries. Trapping and anchoring polysulfides are promising approaches for overcoming this issue. In this work, a mechanically robust, electrically conductive hybrid carbon aerogel (HCA) with aligned and interconnected pores was created and investigated as an interlayer for Li–S batteries. The hierarchical cross-linked networks constructed by graphene sheets and carbon nanotubes can act as an “internet” to capture the polysulfide, while the microand nano-pores inside the aerogel can facilitate quick penetration of the electrolyte and rapid transport of lithium ions. As advantages of the unique structure and excellent accommodation of the volume change of the active materials, a high specific capacity of 1,309 mAh·g−1 at 0.2 C was achieved for the assembled Li–S battery, coupled with good rate performance and long-term cycling stability (78% capacity retention after 600 cycles at 4 C).


lithium–sulfur battery carbon aerogel interlayer aligned and interconnected pores trapped polysulfide 


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A hybrid carbon aerogel with both aligned and interconnected pores as interlayer for high-performance lithium–sulfur batteries
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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Green Synthetic Chemistry for Functional MaterialsJiangsu Normal UniversityXuzhouChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Molecular Engineering of Polymers, Department of Macromolecular Science, and Laboratory of Advanced MaterialsFudan UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.School of Physics and Electronic EngineeringJiangsu Normal UniversityXuzhouChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer Materials, College of Materials Science and EngineeringDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina

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