Nano Research

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 692–702 | Cite as

Organic–inorganic bismuth (III)-based material: A lead-free, air-stable and solution-processable light-absorber beyond organolead perovskites

  • Miaoqiang Lyu
  • Jung-Ho Yun
  • Molang Cai
  • Yalong Jiao
  • Paul V. Bernhardt
  • Meng Zhang
  • Qiong Wang
  • Aijun Du
  • Hongxia Wang
  • Gang Liu
  • Lianzhou WangEmail author
Research Article


Methylammonium bismuth (III) iodide single crystals and films have been developed and investigated. We have further presented the first demonstration of using this organic–inorganic bismuth-based material to replace lead/tin-based perovskite materials in solution-processable solar cells. The organic–inorganic bismuth-based material has advantages of non-toxicity, ambient stability, and low-temperature solution-processability, which provides a promising solution to address the toxicity and stability challenges in organolead- and organotin-based perovskite solar cells. We also demonstrated that trivalent metal cation-based organic–inorganic hybrid materials can exhibit photovoltaic effect, which may inspire more research work on developing and applying organic-inorganic hybrid materials beyond divalent metal cations (Pb (II) and Sn (II)) for solar energy applications.


methylammonium bismuth (III) iodide single crystal perovskite solar cells organic–inorganic hybrid material lead-free 


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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miaoqiang Lyu
    • 1
  • Jung-Ho Yun
    • 1
  • Molang Cai
    • 2
  • Yalong Jiao
    • 2
  • Paul V. Bernhardt
    • 3
  • Meng Zhang
    • 1
  • Qiong Wang
    • 1
  • Aijun Du
    • 2
  • Hongxia Wang
    • 2
  • Gang Liu
    • 4
  • Lianzhou Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Nanomaterials Centre, School of Chemical Engineering and AIBNThe University of QueenslandSt Lucia, BrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.School of Chemistry, Physics and Mechanical Engineering, Science and Engineering FacultyQueensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia
  3. 3.School of Chemistry and Molecular BiosciencesThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  4. 4.Advanced Carbon DivisionInstitute of Metal Research Chinese Academy of Sciences (IMR CAS)ShenyangChina

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