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Nano Research

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 502–510 | Cite as

Preparation of carbon-coated iron oxide nanoparticles dispersed on graphene sheets and applications as advanced anode materials for lithium-ion batteries

  • Huilong Fei
  • Zhiwei Peng
  • Lei Li
  • Yang Yang
  • Wei Lu
  • Errol L. G. Samuel
  • Xiujun Fan
  • James M. Tour
Research Article

Abstract

We report a novel chemical vapor deposition (CVD) based strategy to synthesize carbon-coated Fe2O3 nanoparticles dispersed on graphene sheets (Fe2O3@C@G). Graphene sheets with high surface area and aspect ratio are chosen as space restrictor to prevent the sintering and aggregation of nanoparticles during high temperature treatments (800 °C). In the resulting nanocomposite, each individual Fe2O3 nanoparticle (5 to 20 nm in diameter) is uniformly coated with a continuous and thin (two to five layers) graphitic carbon shell. Further, the core-shell nanoparticles are evenly distributed on graphene sheets. When used as anode materials for lithium ion batteries, the conductive-additive-free Fe2O3@C@G electrode shows outstanding Li+ storage properties with large reversible specific capacity (864 mAh/g after 100 cycles), excellent cyclic stability (120% retention after 100 cycles at 100 mA/g), high Coulombic efficiency (∼99%), and good rate capability.

Keywords

Fe2O3 nanoparticles carbon coating graphene chemical vapor deposition (CVD) anode lithium ion batteries 

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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Huilong Fei
    • 1
  • Zhiwei Peng
    • 1
  • Lei Li
    • 1
  • Yang Yang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wei Lu
    • 1
  • Errol L. G. Samuel
    • 1
  • Xiujun Fan
    • 1
  • James M. Tour
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryRice UniversityHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Richard E. Smalley Institute for Nanoscale Science and TechnologyRice UniversityHoustonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Materials Science and NanoEngineeringRice UniversityHoustonUSA

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