Nano Research

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 149–158 | Cite as

Improved photoconductive properties of composite nanofibers based on aligned conjugated polymer and single-walled carbon nanotubes

  • Florian MassuyeauEmail author
  • Yuanchun Zhao
  • Abdel Aziz El Mel
  • Abu Yaya
  • Frédéric Geschier
  • Eric Gautron
  • Serge Lefrant
  • Jean Yves Mevellec
  • Chris Ewels
  • Chain-Shu Hsu
  • Eric Faulques
  • Jany Wéry
  • Jean Luc DuvailEmail author
Research Article


We successfully address the challenge of aligning single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and conjugated polymer chains in composite nanofibers for enhancing their opto-electrical properties. A pore-filling template strategy has been developed to prepare such nanocomposites from SWNTs and poly(para-phenylene vinylene) (PPV) chains, with both species well-oriented aligned along the pore axis. Addition of the SWNTs leads to a remarkable increase in photocurrent of four orders of magnitude as compared to equivalent pristine PPV nanofibers. Further analysis indicates that the strong photocurrent enhancement is not simply an effect of alignment, but additionally benefits from alignment-enhanced interaction of polymer chains with SWNTs, as supported by density functional theory (DFT) calculations.

Graphical abstract


Tubular nanocomposites single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) photoconductivity transport properties conjugated polymer density functional theory (DFT) calculation 


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Supplementary material

12274_2013_290_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (547 kb)
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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Florian Massuyeau
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yuanchun Zhao
    • 1
  • Abdel Aziz El Mel
    • 1
  • Abu Yaya
    • 1
  • Frédéric Geschier
    • 1
  • Eric Gautron
    • 1
  • Serge Lefrant
    • 1
  • Jean Yves Mevellec
    • 1
  • Chris Ewels
    • 1
  • Chain-Shu Hsu
    • 2
  • Eric Faulques
    • 1
  • Jany Wéry
    • 1
  • Jean Luc Duvail
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institut des Matériaux Jean Rouxel, UMR6502 CNRSUniversité de NantesNantesFrance
  2. 2.Department of Applied ChemistryChiao Tung UniversityHsin-ChuTaiwan, China

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