Nano Research

, Volume 4, Issue 7, pp 675–684 | Cite as

Graphene-based conducting inks for direct inkjet printing of flexible conductive patterns and their applications in electric circuits and chemical sensors

  • Lu Huang
  • Yi Huang
  • Jiajie Liang
  • Xiangjian Wan
  • Yongsheng Chen
Research Article


A series of inkjet printing processes have been studied using graphene-based inks. Under optimized conditions, using water-soluble single-layered graphene oxide (GO) and few-layered graphene oxide (FGO), various high image quality patterns could be printed on diverse flexible substrates, including paper, poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) and polyimide (PI), with a simple and low-cost inkjet printing technique. The graphene-based patterns printed on plastic substrates demonstrated a high electrical conductivity after thermal reduction, and more importantly, they retained the same conductivity over severe bending cycles. Accordingly, flexible electric circuits and a hydrogen peroxide chemical sensor were fabricated and showed excellent performances, demonstrating the applications of this simple and practical inkjet printing technique using graphene inks. The results show that graphene materials-which can be easily produced on a large scale and possess outstanding electronic properties-have great potential for the convenient fabrication of flexible and low-cost graphene-based electronic devices, by using a simple inkjet printing technique. Open image in new window


Flexible inkjet printing solution-processed graphene conductive patterns applications 


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Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Functional Polymer Materials and Center for Nanoscale Science & Technology, Institute of Polymer Chemistry, College of ChemistryNankai UniversityTianjinChina

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