Tunable separation of single-walled carbon nanotubes by dual-surfactant density gradient ultracentrifugation
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We present a systematic study of the effects of surfactants in the separation of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) by density gradient ultracentrifugation (DGU). Through analysis of the buoyant densities, layer positions, and optical absorbance spectra of SWNT separation using the bile salt sodium deoxycholate (DOC) and the anionic salt sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), we clarify the roles and interactions of these two surfactants in yielding different DGU outcomes. The separation mechanism described here can also help in designing new DGU experiments by qualitatively predicting outcomes of different starting recipes, improving the efficacy of DGU and simplifying post-DGU fractionation.
KeywordsSingle-walled carbon nanotubes density gradient ultracentrifugation sodium deoxycholate sodium dodecyl sulfate
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© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011