Chemical self-assembly of graphene sheets
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Chemically derived and noncovalently functionalized graphene sheets (GS) were found to self-assemble onto patterned gold structures via electrostatic interactions between the functional groups and the gold surfaces. This afforded regular arrays of single graphene sheets on large substrates, which were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Auger microscopy imaging, and Raman spectroscopy. This represents the first time that self-assembly has been used to produce on-substrate and fully-suspended graphene electrical devices. Molecular coatings on the GS were removed by high current “electrical annealing”, which restored the high electrical conductance and Dirac point of the GS. Molecular sensors for highly sensitive gas detection using the self-assembled GS devices are demonstrated.
KeywordsChemically derived graphene sheets self-assembly graphene devices electrical annealing
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