The use of lighting simulation in the evidence-based design process: A case study approach using visual comfort analysis in offices

  • Anahita DavoodiEmail author
  • Peter Johansson
  • Myriam Aries
Open Access
Research Article Building Thermal, Lighting, and Acoustics Modeling


The EBD-SIM (evidence-based design, simulation) framework is a conceptual framework developed to integrate the use of lighting simulation in the EBD process to provide a holistic performance evaluation method. A real-time case study, executed in a fully operational office building, is used to demonstrate the framework’s performance. The case study focused on visual comfort analysis. The objective is to demonstrate the applicability of the developed EBD-SIM framework using correlations between current visual comfort metrics and actual human perception as evaluation criteria. The data were collected via simulation for visual comfort analysis and via questionnaires for instantaneous and annual visual comfort perception. The study showed that for user perception, the most crucial factor for visual comfort is the amount of light on a task area, and simple metrics such as Eh-room and Eh-task had a higher correlation with perceived visual comfort than complex performance metrics such as Daylight Autonomy (DA). To improve the design process, the study suggests that, among other things, post-occupancy evaluations (POEs) should be conducted more frequently to obtain better insight into user perception of daylight and subsequently use new evidence to further improve the design of the EBD-SIM model.


building performance simulation lighting simulation lighting quality visual comfort office field study evidence-based design 



The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support of the Region Jönköpings Län’s FoU-fond Fastigheter and the Bertil and Britt Svenssons Stiftelse för Belysningsteknik. Also, we would like to acknowledge the valuable comments by the reviewers of the journal of Building Simulation and Professor Christine Räisänen for proofreading the manuscript.

Funding note

Open access funding provided by Jönköping University.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Anahita Davoodi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Peter Johansson
    • 1
  • Myriam Aries
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Construction Engineering and Lighting ScienceJönköping UniversityJönköpingSweden

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