Studies and evaluation of bioclimatic comfort of residential areas for improving the quality of environment

  • Ilya Vladimirovich DunichkinEmail author
  • Olga Igorevna Poddaeva
  • Kirill Sergeevich Golokhvast
Research Article


The topical issues of computational and experimental studies of wind effects of residential complexes in Moscow are reviewed on the examples of project building objects for verification of design solutions. The continued development of scientific school of architecture and construction aerodynamics is presented as well as its research on the aeration, urban air quality and pedestrian comfort. The results are various comfort criteria actually used in most affluent countries as a guide in the design of apartment houses. As a research method, physical modeling in a wind tunnel and numerical modeling in specialized software complexes are considered. Studies were conducted on the basis of Educational-Scientific-Production Laboratory for Aerodynamic and Aeroacoustic Test Building Constructions (ESPLab AATBC ) using the Large Research Gradient Aerodynamic Tunnel. The results of a comprehensive computational and experimental study of the effect of wind on urban areas are used to develop design solutions (landscaping and urban greening and others) for integrated land improvement to compensate for bioclimatic discomfort.


bioclimatic comfort wind tunnel numerical modelling physical modelling residential areas landscaping urban greening 


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All tests were carried out using research equipment of The Head Regional Shared Research Facilities and unique scientific installation “Large Research Gradient Wind Tunnel” of the Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University).


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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ilya Vladimirovich Dunichkin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Olga Igorevna Poddaeva
    • 2
  • Kirill Sergeevich Golokhvast
    • 3
  1. 1.Educational, Scientific and Industrial Laboratory for Aerodynamic and Aeroacoustic Tests of Building Structures, Department of Urban PlanningMoscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University)MoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of Physics and Building AerodynamicsMoscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University)MoscowRussia
  3. 3.Department of Life Safety in TechnosphereFar Eastern Federal UniversityMoscowRussia

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