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Building Simulation

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 83–94 | Cite as

Eco-Bat: A design tool for assessing environmental impacts of buildings and equipment

  • Didier Favre
  • Stéphane Citherlet
Design Tool

Abstract

This paper presents the features of Eco-Bat, a computer program developed to assess the environmental impacts of buildings, including construction materials and energy consumed, during its life cycle. The methodology used to evaluate environmental impacts based on a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach, compatible with ISO 14040 standards, is detailed. The data are mainly extracted from an environmental impacts database, Ecoinvent, which contains values for the manufacturing and elimination of numerous materials as well as other processes. Two applications are presented to illustrate the possibilities offered by Eco-Bat. The first one is a comparison of different variants of building facades. The second example shows the analysis of a whole building including its energy consumption.

Keywords

environmental impacts life cycle impacts assessment ecobalance 

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References

  1. Citherlet S (2001). Towards the holistic assessment of building performance based on an integrated simulation approach. PhD Thesis. Federal Polytechnical School Lausanne, Switzerland.Google Scholar
  2. Citherlet S, Defaux T (2007). Energy and environmental comparison of three variants of a family house during its whole life span. Building and Environment, 42(2): 591–598.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. EMPA — Ecoinvent Center, ECOINVENT 1.3, available at http://www.ecoinvent.org.
  4. Hildbrand C, Citherlet S (2007). Environmental assessment with Eco-Bat of building equipment. Paper presented at CISBAT 2007, Lausanne.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Tsinghua Press and Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Solar Energetics and Building PhysicsUniversity of Applied Sciences of Western SwitzerlandYverdon-Les-BainsSwitzerland

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