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Archives of Pharmacal Research

, Volume 42, Issue 8, pp 658–671 | Cite as

Apoptotic cell clearance in the tumor microenvironment: a potential cancer therapeutic target

  • Seong-Ah Shin
  • Sun Young Moon
  • Daeho Park
  • Jong Bae Park
  • Chang Sup LeeEmail author
Review
  • 129 Downloads

Abstract

Millions of cells in the human body undergo apoptosis not only under normal physiological conditions but also under pathological conditions such as infection or other diseases related to acute tissue injury. Swift apoptotic cell clearance is essential for tissue homeostasis. Defective clearance of dead cells is linked to pathogenesis of diseases such as inflammatory diseases, atherosclerosis, neurological disease, and cancer. Significance of apoptotic cell clearance has been emerging as an interesting field for disease treatment. Efficient apoptotic cell clearance plays an important role in reducing inflammation through the suppression of inappropriate inflammatory responses under healthy and diseased conditions. However, apoptotic cell clearance related to cancer pathogenesis is more complex in tumor microenvironments. Chronic inflammation resulting from the failure of apoptotic cell clearance can contribute to tumor progression. Conversely, tumor cells can exploit the anti-inflammatory effect of apoptotic cell clearance to generate an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. In this review, focus is on the current understanding of apoptotic cell clearance in the tumor microenvironment. Furthermore, we discuss how signaling molecules (PtdSer and PtdSer recognition receptor) mediating apoptotic cell clearance are aberrantly expressed in the tumor microenvironment and their current development state as potential therapeutic targets for clinical cancer therapy.

Keywords

Apoptotic cell clearance Tumor microenvironment Phosphatidylserine Phosphatidylserine recognition receptor 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (Grant Nos. NRF-2017R1A2B1005773 and NRF-2018R1A4A1025860).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© The Pharmaceutical Society of Korea 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Pharmacy and Research Institute of Pharmaceutical SciencesGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.School of Life Sciences and Aging Research InstituteGwangju Institute of Science and TechnologyGwangjuRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Specific Organs Cancer Branch, Research Institute and HospitalNational Cancer CenterGoyangRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Department of System Cancer Science, Graduate School of Cancer Science and PolicyNational Cancer CenterGoyangRepublic of Korea

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