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Peroxisomal dysfunction in neurodegenerative diseases

  • Doo Sin Jo
  • Dong-Hyung ChoEmail author
Review
  • 37 Downloads

Abstract

Peroxisomes and their (patho-)physiological importance in heath and disease have attracted increasing interest during last few decades. Together with mitochondria, peroxisomes comprise key metabolic platforms for oxidation of various fatty acids and redox regulation. In addition, peroxisomes contribute to bile acid, cholesterol, and plasmalogen biosynthesis. The importance of functional peroxisomes for cellular metabolism is demonstrated by the marked brain and systemic organ abnormalities occuring in peroxisome biogenesis disorders and peroxisomal enzyme deficiencies. Current evidences indicate that peroxisomal function is declined with aging, with peroxisomal dysfunction being linked to early onset of multiple age-related diseases including neurodegenerative diseases. Herein, we review recent progress toward understanding the physiological roles and pathological implications of peroxisomal dysfunctions, focusing on neurodegenerative disease.

Keywords

Peroxisome Neurodegenerative disease Alzheimer’s disease Parkinson’s disease 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by a Grant of the Korea–UK Collaborative Alzheimer’s Disease Research Project by Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (HI14C1913), and supported by National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Science & ICT (2017R1A2B4005501).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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© The Pharmaceutical Society of Korea 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Life SciencesKyungpook National UniversityDaeguRepublic of Korea

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