Archives of Pharmacal Research

, Volume 31, Issue 8, pp 1016–1022 | Cite as

New antimicrobial drug resistance and epidemiological typing patterns of Staphylococci from clinical isolates and raw meats

  • Do Kyung Lee
  • Jae Ung Hwang
  • Eun Hye Baek
  • Kang Oh Lee
  • Kyung Jae Kim
  • Nam Joo Ha
Research Articles Drug Efficacy and Safety

Abstract

The antimicrobial susceptibilities of Staphylococcus isolated from clinical isolates and raw meats were tested for six different antimicrobial agents that are in widespread clinical use in Korea and four new antimicrobials, linezolid, quinupristin/dalfopristin, daptomycin, and tigecycline. And this study analyzed the mecA genes and genetic patterns of MRSA by performing epidemiological studies using the PCR method. 46%, 51%, and 79% of clinical isolates were identified as MRSA in 1998, 1999, and 2005, respectively, and the mecA gene was detected in 82% of these isolates. Of the 133 staphylococci isolated from raw meats, 18% of the isolates were found to be resistant to methicillin, but none of these isolates showed the presence of the mecA gene. New antimicrobials, which have rarely or not yet been used in Korean hospitals, showed high activity against all staphylococcal isolates including methicillinresistant isolates. The randomaly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) patterns of MRSA isolates differed significantly between clinical isolates and raw meat isolates.

Key words

Daptomycin Linezolid mecA Gene Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Quinupristin/dalfopristin Tigecycline 

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Copyright information

© The Pharmaceutical Society of Korea 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Do Kyung Lee
    • 1
  • Jae Ung Hwang
    • 1
  • Eun Hye Baek
    • 1
  • Kang Oh Lee
    • 2
    • 1
  • Kyung Jae Kim
    • 1
  • Nam Joo Ha
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PharmacySahmyook UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Department of Life ScienceSahmyook UniversitySeoulKorea

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