Intravascular Imaging Tools in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory: Comprehensive Assessment of Anatomy and Physiology

  • Parham Eshtehardi
  • Jennifer Luke
  • Michael C. McDaniel
  • Habib Samady


Intravascular imaging modalities have an imperative role in contemporary cardiovascular research. Currently, there are several invasive imaging modalities available in the cardiac catheterization laboratory and new technologies are under development. In the current review, we aimed to provide an update on the research applications of contemporary intravascular imaging tools in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. For the purpose of this review, we separately discuss imaging tools for assessment of epicardial disease (fractional flow reserve and hyperemic stenosis resistance), microvascular function (coronary flow reserve, hyperemic microvascular resistance, and index of microcirculatory resistance), endothelial function, atherosclerotic plaque and vascular remodeling (intravascular ultrasound, optical coherence tomography, angioscopy, and near-infrared spectroscopy), and finally the emerging modalities (palpography and wall shear stress profiling).


Intravascular imaging Coronary artery Atherosclerosis Wall shear stress Ultrasound Microvasculature Physiology 



Coronary artery disease


Coronary flow reserve


Fractional flow reserve


Hyperemic myocardial resistance index


Hyperemic stenosis resistance index


Index of microcirculatory resistance


Intravascular ultrasound


Near-infrared spectroscopy


Optical coherence tomography


Wall shear stress


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Parham Eshtehardi
    • 1
  • Jennifer Luke
    • 1
  • Michael C. McDaniel
    • 1
  • Habib Samady
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Cardiology, Department of MedicineEmory University School of MedicineAtlantaUSA

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