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Neuroscience Bulletin

, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 478–480 | Cite as

Mapping Underlying Maturational Changes in Human Brain

  • Lingzhong Fan
  • Tianzi Jiang
Research Highlight

Human brain development is a complex process that continues between birth and maturity, and monitoring the underlying maturational changes at these stages is crucial for our understanding of typical development as well as neurodevelopmental disorders. During the critical periods of brain development, on one hand, many human capacities originate, but on the other hand, a brain undergoing rapid plastic changes may also be vulnerable to neuropsychiatric disorders [1, 2, 3]. Multi-modal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been increasingly used for its ability to noninvasively reveal structural and functional changes in the brain. However, interpretation of the neurobiological processes underlying the findings obtained with MRI is very limited [4, 5]. Recently, in a report in Science, Gomez et al. attempted to test if, during brain maturation, the macromolecular tissue of a hominoid-specific structure, i.e., face-selective regions in the fusiform gyrus, is pruned, proliferates, or...

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Copyright information

© Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, CAS and Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Brainnetome Center, Institute of AutomationChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.National Laboratory of Pattern Recognition, Institute of AutomationChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.CAS Center for Excellence in Brain Science and Intelligence Technology, Institute of AutomationChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Key Laboratory for NeuroInformation of the Ministry of Education, School of Life Science and TechnologyUniversity of Electronic Science and Technology of ChinaChengduChina
  5. 5.The Queensland Brain InstituteUniversity of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  6. 6.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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