Neuroscience Bulletin

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 264–272 | Cite as

Gastrodin Attenuates Pentylenetetrazole-Induced Seizures by Modulating the Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase-Associated Inflammatory Responses in Mice

  • Liming Chen
  • Xinan Liu
  • Hua WangEmail author
  • Min QuEmail author
Original Article


Gastrodin, the major component isolated from the rhizome of the Chinese traditional medicinal herb Gastrodia elata (“Tianma”), has a long history in the treatment of epilepsy and other neurological disorders. However, the molecular mechanisms are not clear. Here, we found that gastrodin ameliorated pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced epileptic seizures with improvement of the electroencephalographic pattern in mice. Further studies demonstrated that gastrodin decreased the levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α while increasing interleukin-10, an anti-inflammatory cytokine in the brain. Furthermore, gastrodin attenuated the PTZ-induced microglial activation along with inhibition of mitogen-activated protein kinases, cAMP response element binding protein, and NF-κB. Our data suggest that gastrodin attenuates seizures by modulating the mitogen-activated protein kinase-associated inflammatory responses.


Gastrodin Epilepsy IL-1β TNF-α IL-10 MAPK CREB NF-κB 

Supplementary material

12264_2016_84_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1031 kb)


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Copyright information

© Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, CAS and Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Neurology Department, The First People’s Hospital of JingzhouThe First Affiliated Hospital of Yangtze UniversityJingzhouChina
  2. 2.Hubei Provincial Key Laboratory for Applied ToxicologyHubei Provincial Center for Disease Control and PreventionWuhanChina
  3. 3.Department of NeuroscienceIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA

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