Incidence of Pulmonary Embolism in Surgical Patients: Hospital-based
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Venous thromboembolism has become a major concern due to its association with reduced survival and considerable economic burden. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the incidence, risk factors, and survival in surgical patients. This was a retrospective study conducted at the Department of Surgery in Khon Kaen University Hospital (Thailand). All patients who were admitted to the surgical unit and diagnosed as having pulmonary embolism between 2007 and 2015 were consecutively enrolled. There were 85 surgical patients diagnosed with pulmonary embolism for over 10 years. The most common presentation is tachycardia. All patients were assessed with Caprini score; 95% has high risk but none of them have received VTE prophylaxis. The median survival time is only 50 days after diagnosing pulmonary embolism. Our study demonstrates that the reported incidence of pulmonary embolism is increasing and that PE is associated with higher mortality; therefore, surgical patients should receive VTE prophylaxis when Caprini scoring was high.
KeywordsPulmonary embolism VTE Incidence Survival
The authors would like to thank Prof. Kamphol Laohapensang and Prof. Kittisak Sawanyawisuth for assisting in writing this manuscript, and Mr. Dylan Southard for assisting with the English language presentation of the manuscript under the aegis of the Publication Clinic KKU, Thailand.
•Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work: SP, NW, SC
•Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content: SP
•Final approval of the version to be published: SP
•Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved: SP, NW, SC
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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