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Indian Journal of Surgery

, Volume 80, Issue 6, pp 549–553 | Cite as

Preoperative Fasting and Patients’ Discomfort

  • Asiye GulEmail author
  • Isil Isik Andsoy
  • Birgul Ozkaya
Original Article
  • 245 Downloads

Abstract

Excessive fasting times before surgery continue to be a widespread practice in Turkey. The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between traditional fasting policies and preoperative patient discomfort. Patients included were undergoing breast, hernia, thyroid, or abdominal operations at a general surgery clinic. Participants were classified as American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statuses I and II. A Likert-type scale was used to describe the effects of midnight fasting. Peripheral blood sugar and vital signs were measured immediately before induction of anesthesia. Of 164 participants, mean age was 53.56 ± 13.47 years. Mean preoperative fasting times were 13.34 ± 3.07 h for solids and 12.44 ± 2.82 h for fluids. Immediately before surgery, 6.1% of patients were extremely thirsty, 5.5% were hungry, and 39% had mild dryness of the mouth. There was a weak positive correlation between total duration of solid fasting and thirst, hunger, mouth dryness, and weakness immediately preoperatively. Prolonged fasting before surgery was associated with patients’ discomfort. Current evidence-based guidelines for preoperative fasting may improve patients’ satisfaction.

Keywords

Adult Fasting Preoperative Surgery 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The manuscript has been read and approved by all authors and that all authors agree to the submission of the manuscript. All authors must have agreed on the final version of the paper and must meet at least one of the commended by the International Council of Medical Journal Editors criteria.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

The institutional review board approved the study protocol (BEAH: 2013-06).

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Association of Surgeons of India 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Health ScienceUniversity of Health ScienceIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Faculty of Health ScienceKarabuk UniversityKarabukTurkey
  3. 3.General Surgery UnitDr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research HospitalBakirkoyTurkey

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