Indian Journal of Surgery

, Volume 76, Issue 2, pp 131–136 | Cite as

Vesicovaginal Fistula: Diagnosis and Management

  • Michael StamatakosEmail author
  • Constantina Sargedi
  • Theodora Stasinou
  • Konstantinos Kontzoglou
Review Article


Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) is still a major cause for concern in many developing countries. It represents a significant morbidity in female urology. Continual wetness, odor, and discomfort cause serious social problems. The diagnosis of the condition has traditionally been based on clinical methods and dye testing. A successful repair of such fistulas requires an accurate diagnostic evaluation and timely repair using procedures that exploit basic surgical principles and the application of interposition flaps. The method of closure depends on the surgeon’s training and experience. The main complication of VVF surgery is recurrent fistula formation.


VVF Complications Diagnosis Surgical principles 


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Copyright information

© Association of Surgeons of India 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Stamatakos
    • 1
    • 5
    Email author
  • Constantina Sargedi
    • 2
  • Theodora Stasinou
    • 3
  • Konstantinos Kontzoglou
    • 4
  1. 1.N. Athinaion M.D. HospitalAthensGreece
  2. 2.Department of Internal MedicineYstad HospitalYstadSweden
  3. 3.Department of UrologyNorth Devon District HospitalBarnstapleUnited Kingdom
  4. 4.Second Department of Propaedeutic Surgery, Laiko General HospitalUniversity of Athens Medical SchoolAthensGreece
  5. 5.AthensGreece

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