Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering

, Volume 22, Issue 5, pp 637–646 | Cite as

Chemical characterization of dissolved organic matter in moist acidic tussock tundra soil using ultra-high resolution 15T FT-ICR mass spectrometry

Research Paper
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Abstract

Global warming is considered one of the most serious environmental issues, substantially mediating abrupt climate changes, and has stronger impacts in the Arctic ecosystems than in any other regions. In particular, thawing permafrost in the Arctic region with warming can be strongly contributing the emission of greenhouse gases (CO2 and CH4) that are produced from microbial decomposition of preserved soil organic matter (SOM) or are trapped in frozen permafrost soils, consequently accelerating global warming and abrupt climate changes. Therefore, understanding chemical and physical properties of permafrost SOM is important for interpreting the chemical and biological decomposability of SOM. In this study, we investigated dissolved organic matter (DOM) along the soil depth profile in moist acidic tussock tundra to better understand elemental compositions and distributions of the arctic SOM to evaluate their potential decomposability under climate change. To achieve ultra-high resolution mass profiles, the soil extracts were analyzed using a 15 Tesla Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer in positive and negative ion modes via electrospray ionization. The results of this analysis revealed that the deeper organic soil (2Oe1 horizon) exhibits less CHON class and more aromatic class compounds compared to the surface organic soils, thus implying that the 2Oe1 horizon has undergone a more decomposition process and consequently possessed the recalcitrant materials. The compositional features of DOM in the Arctic tundra soils are important for understanding the changes in biogeochemical cycles caused from permafrost changes associated with global warming and climate change.

Keywords

dissolved organic matter FT-ICR MS arctic tundra soil elemental composition decomposability 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jung Hoon Choi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yun-Gon Kim
    • 3
  • Yoo Kyung Lee
    • 4
  • Seung Pil Pack
    • 2
  • Ji Young Jung
    • 4
  • Kyoung-Soon Jang
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Biomedical Omics GroupKorea Basic Science InstituteCheongjuKorea
  2. 2.Department of Biotechnology and BioinformaticsKorea UniversitySejongKorea
  3. 3.Department of Chemical EngineeringSoongsil UniversitySeoulKorea
  4. 4.Division of Life Sciences, Korea Polar Research InstituteKIOSTIncheonKorea
  5. 5.Department of Bio-Analytical ScienceUniversity of Science and TechnologyDaejeonKorea

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