Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 666–670 | Cite as

Optimization of culture conditions for 1,3-propanediol production from crude glycerol by Klebsiella pneumoniae using response surface methodology

  • Baek-Rock Oh
  • Jeong-Woo Seo
  • Min Ho Choi
  • Chul Ho Kim


To produce 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PD) from crude glycerol, cultivation conditions were optimized by response surface methodology (RSM) based on a 25 factorial central composite design (CCD). RSM was adopted to derive a statistical model for the individual and interactive effects of crude glycerol, (NH4)2SO4, pH, cultivation time and temperature on the production of 1,3-PD. Optimal conditions for maximum 1,3-PD production were as follows: crude glycerol, 35 g/L; (NH4)2SO4, 8 g/L; pH, 7.37; cultivation time, 10.8 h; temperature, 36.88°C. Under these optimal conditions, the design expert presented the maximal numerical solution with a predicted 1,3-PD production level of up to 13.74 g/L. The experimental production of 1,3-PD yielded 13.8 g/L, which was in close agreement with the model prediction.


central composite design crude glycerol 1,3-propanediol Klebsiella pneumoniae response surface methodology 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg GmbH 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Baek-Rock Oh
    • 1
  • Jeong-Woo Seo
    • 1
  • Min Ho Choi
    • 1
  • Chul Ho Kim
    • 1
  1. 1.Molecular Bioprocess Research Center, Jeonbuk Branch InstituteKRIBBJeongeupKorea

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