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memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 291–293 | Cite as

ASCO update 2018: upper gastrointestinal cancer

  • Bettina Sonnweber
  • Ewald Wöll
short review

Summary

Results from studies in upper gastrointestinal cancer presented at the 2018 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) meeting are promising. Prophylactic treatment of Barrett’s esophagus with high proton pump inhibitor therapy plus aspirin showed positive results on death, esophageal adenocarcinoma and dysplasia. Current studies on the treatment of gastric cancer included the following: S‑1 plus docetaxel as postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy in Asian patients, triplet therapy (cisplatin, S1, and docetaxel) in Asian patients, paclitaxel vs. pembrolizumab, and a biomarker study for trastuzumab continuation. Advances in the treatment of pancreatic cancer are likely to be practice changing: combined chemotherapy mFOLFIRINOX clearly improved disease-free survival in patients with resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas. In the palliative setting, the introduction of FOLFIRINOX and gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel may allow treatment with lower toxicity and allow broader patient selection. In the treatment of cholagiocellular cancer, gemcitabine plus S‑1 was non-inferior to gemcitabine plus cisplatin. Preliminary data in the treatment of neoendocrine tumors with temozolomide plus capecitabine are promising. Finally, the second-line treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma with ramucirumab showed a significant survival benefit.

Keywords

Esophageal cancer Gastric cancer Pancreatic cancer Neuroendocrine tumors Hepatocellular carcinoma 

Notes

Conflict of interest

B. Sonnweber and E. Wöll declare that they have no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.St. Vinzenz Hospital ZamsZamsAustria

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