Secreted Phosphoprotein 1 Promotes the Development of Small Cell Lung Cancer Cells by Inhibiting Autophagy and Apoptosis

  • Hong Liu
  • Shufang Wei
  • Lei Zhang
  • Chenxi Yuan
  • Yuanyuan Duan
  • Qingwei WangEmail author
Original Article


This study aimed to investigate the expression of secreted phosphoprotein 1 (SPP1) on lung cancer cells and explore its underlying mechanism on autophagy and apoptosis which effect the development of lung cancer cells. GSE19804 related to lung cancer cells was screened from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and we screened the 47 pairs of differential expressed mRNAs in lung cancer cells and adjacent tissues using microarray analysis. The expression of the core gene SPP1 was detected by qRT-PCR and western-blot. The transfection efficiency of lung cancer cells was detected by qRT-PCR and the expression of transfected group was tested by western-blot. Cell proliferation after transfection was tested by MTT assay and plate cloning experiment. The apoptosis rate of each transfection group was detected by flow cytometry. We use western-blot to test protein expression of autophagy-related proteins Beclin-1, LC3-I, LC3-II and p62 of each transfected group. Through analysis of GSE19804,the heat map showed SPP1 was the highest expressed in tumor tissues. qRT-PCR and western-blot detected SPP1 expression in lung cancer tissues was higher than that in normal adjacent tissues and was significantly increased in lung cancer cell lines. After transfection with pcDNA3.1-SPP1 (p-SPP1 group), siRNA1-SPP1 (siRNA1 group) and siRNA2-SPP1 (siRNA2 group), showed different expression of SPP1. Up-regulation of SPP1 enhanced cell viability and promoted tumor cell proliferation, while knockdown of SPP1 inhibited tumor cell proliferation. From the results of apoptosis rate, SPP1 inhibited the tumor cell apoptosis. However, in normal lung cell, SPP1 had no effect on cell proliferation and apoptosis. And to test autophagy-related proteins, we found that overexpression of SPP1 inhibited autophagy. High expression of SPP1 inhibited autophagy and apoptosis to promote the development of small cell lung cancer cells.


SPP1 Small cell lung cancer cells Autophagy Apoptosis 



This study was supported by Shandong Province Science and Technology Public Relations (No.2012GGE27122) and Science and Technology Program Project of Jinan (No. 201704093).


This study was funded by Shandong Province Science and Technology Public Relations (No.2012GGE27122) and Science and Technology Program Project of Jinan (No. 201704093).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of Qilu Hospital of Shandong University.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Arányi Lajos Foundation 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hong Liu
    • 1
  • Shufang Wei
    • 2
  • Lei Zhang
    • 3
  • Chenxi Yuan
    • 1
  • Yuanyuan Duan
    • 1
  • Qingwei Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Cancer Research CenterQilu Hospital of Shandong UniversityJinanChina
  2. 2.No.2 Comprehensive DepartmentQilu Hospital of Shandong UniversityJinanChina
  3. 3.Department of Thoracic SurgeryTaian City Central HospitalTaianChina

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