Desumoylating Isopeptidase 2 (DESI2) Inhibits Proliferation and Promotes Apoptosis of Pancreatic Cancer Cells through Regulating PI3K/AKT/mTOR Signaling Pathway
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This study aimed to investigate the effects of desumoylating isopeptidase 2 (DESI2) on tumor cell proliferation, apoptosis and invasion of pancreatic cancer, and to assess the signaling pathway involved. Overexpression and silence of DESI2 were designed and the experiments were divided into 5 groups: a normal control group, an interference control group (shRNA-NC); an interference group (sh-DESI2); an overexpression control group (NC), an overexpression group (DESI2). Quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to screen the appropriate interference sequence. The silencing and overexpression of DESI2 were confirmed by qRT-PCR and western blotting. Cell cycling, apoptosis, invasion, and the expression of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)-protein kinase B (AKT)-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway and caspase 3 were measured. Overexpression and silence of DESI2 were successfully designed in two pancreatic cancer cells, and the interference effect of sh-DESI2–3 showed the best silencing effects. The biological activities of DESI2 were detected in both ASPC-1 and PANCE-1 cells. Our results showed that cell proliferation was significantly increased in the sh-DESI2 group, while decreased in DESI2 group compared with the control group in both cell lines. In ASPC-1 cells, the events in G1 phase decreased and in S phase increased obviously in the sh-DESI2 group, compared with control group. An opposite result was found when DESI2 was overexpressed. In PANCE-1 cells, the events in G2 phase were higher in the sh-DESI2 group, while in the DESI2 group was significantly lower than that in control group. In ASPC-1 and PANCE-1 cells, sh-DESI2 group showed decreased apoptosis, increased cell invasion and increased expression of AKT, p-Akt, PI3K, p-PI3K, p-mTOR and mTOR and decreased caspase 3 expression compared with the control group, while overexpression of DESI2 leaded to increased apoptosis, decreased cell invasion and reduced expression of AKT, p-Akt, PI3K, p-PI3K, p-mTOR and mTOR and increased expression of caspase 3. DESI2 regulates the proliferation and apoptosis of pancreatic cancer cells through PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway.
KeywordsDesumoylating isopeptidase 2 Pancreatic cancer Phosphatidylinositide 3-kinases AKT mTOR
XO, GZ, ZX, JC, YX and JL did the experiments and analyzed the data. X Liu YC and XO designed the study and wrote the manuscript.
The present study was supported by the Science and Technology Development Fund Project of Shenzhen (grant no. JCYJ20160428164539088), the Sanming Project of Medicine in Shenzhen (grant no. SZSM201612021) and the Science and Technology Developing Project of Guangdong Province (grant no. 2017B090904010).
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