Pathology & Oncology Research

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 245–250 | Cite as

Role of MAML1 and MEIS1 in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Depth of Invasion

  • Mohammad Reza Abbaszadegan
  • Meysam MoghbeliEmail author
Original Article


Homeobox (HOX) transcription factors and NOTCH signaling pathway are critical regulators of stem cell functions, cell fate in development and homeostasis of gastrointestinal tissues. In the present study, we analyzed cross talk between NOTCH pathway and HOX genes through assessment of probable correlation betweenMAML1 and MEIS1 as the main transcription factor of NOTCH pathway and enhancer of HOX transcriptional machinery, respectively in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients. Fifty one ESCC cases were enrolled to assess the levels of Meis1 and Maml1 mRNA expression using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Only 3 out of 51 (5.9%) cases had MEIS1/MAML1 under expression and 2/51 (3.9%) cases had MEIS1/MAML1over expression. Nine out of 51 samples (17.6%) have shown MEIS1 under expression and MAML1 over expression. There was a significant correlation between MAML1and MEIS1mRNA expressions (p ≤ 0.05). There were significant correlations between MEIS1 under/MAML1 over expressed cases and tumor location (p = 0.05), tumor depth of invasion (p = 0.011), and sex (p = 0.04). Our results showed that MEIS1 may have a negative role in regulation of MAML1expression during the ESCC progression.


NOTCH signaling pathway HOX mRNA expression Transcription factor Self renewal 



This work was supported by a grant from the Vice Chancellor for Research at Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, No. 921202.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


This work was supported by a grant from the Vice Chancellor for Research at Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, No. 921202.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.


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Copyright information

© Arányi Lajos Foundation 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Human Genetics, Immunology Research Center, Avicenna Research InstituteMashhad University of Medical SciencesMashhadIran
  2. 2.Medical Genetics Research Center, Medical SchoolMashhad University of Medical SciencesMashhadIran
  3. 3.North Khorasan University of Medical SciencesBojnurdIran

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