Allelic Loss of 10q23.3, the PTEN Gene Locus in Cervical Carcinoma from Northern Indian Population
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Cervical cancer is one of the most common malignant diseases affecting women worldwide. Studies on loss of heterozygosity have been made for PTEN gene specific microsatellite markers in malignancies like breast, ovary and lungs and the results have shown a significant association. However the role of this gene is not clearly understood in cervical cancer from Indian population. A total of 135 cervical carcinoma tissues samples were analyzed for loss of heterozygosity. DNA was isolated from the samples and their matched control specimens. Polymerase chain reaction was performed using primer specific for two intragenic markers (D10S198 & D10S192) and one marker (D10S541) in flanking region and further electrophoresed on 8% denaturing polyacrylamide gel. Overall, 31 out of 133(23%) informative cases showed loss of heterozygosity in at least one locus in the region examined. The percentage of loss of heterozygosity for these markers ranged from 8% (D10S192) to 13% (D10S198). Loss of heterozygosity was more frequently detected in intragenic region (D10S198 & D10S192) than in flanking region, D10S541 (21% versus 9%). These data argue that PTEN is a tumor suppressor gene whose inactivation may play an important role in the carcinoma of uterine cervix.
KeywordsLoss of heterozygosity Squmaous cell carcinoma Cervical carcinoma Tumor suppressor gene
The financial assistance provided by the University Grants Commision (UGC), New Delhi, is gratefully acknowledged. The assistance of M. Irshad is acknowledged with thanks.
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