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Virologica Sinica

, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 9–21 | Cite as

Recent Progress on Functional Genomics Research of Enterovirus 71

  • Huiqiang Wang
  • Yuhuan LiEmail author
Review

Abstract

Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is one of the main pathogens that causes hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD). HFMD caused by EV71 infection is mostly self-limited; however, some infections can cause severe neurological diseases, such as aseptic meningitis, brain stem encephalitis, and even death. There are still no effective clinical drugs used for the prevention and treatment of HFMD. Studying EV71 protein function is essential for elucidating the EV71 replication process and developing anti-EV71 drugs and vaccines. In this review, we summarized the recent progress in the studies of EV71 non-coding regions (5′ UTR and 3′ UTR) and all structural and nonstructural proteins, especially the key motifs involving in viral infection, replication, and immune regulation. This review will promote our understanding of EV71 virus replication and pathogenesis, and will facilitate the development of novel drugs or vaccines to treat EV71.

Keywords

Enterovirus 71 (EV71) Functional genomics Structural protein Nonstructural protein Viral protein function 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant 81503118) and CAMS Initiative for Innovative Medicine (CAMS-I2 M-1-010); The National Science and Technology Major Project of the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2018ZX09711003-005-004).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Animal and Human Rights Statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Wuhan Institute of Virology, CAS 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing Key Laboratory of Antimicrobial Agents, Institute of Medicinal BiotechnologyChinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical CollegeBeijingChina
  2. 2.NHC Key Laboratory of Biotechnology of Antibiotics, Institute of Medicinal BiotechnologyChinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical CollegeBeijingChina

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